IGroupPolicyObject::New will fail if thread is impersonating or identity or delegation
I had the chance to debug into CGroupPolicyObject::New method in GPEdit.dll since the call is failing.
My finding is that if a thread’s Security Impersonation Level is anything other than Anonymous, the call will fail.
SecurityAnonymous, SecurityIdentification, SecurityImpersonation, SecurityDelegation
The reason is that the code in this method is as follows ( this is my code guessed from disassembly):
HTOKEN hToken = NULL;
You see, they are opening the token without TOKEN_IMPERSONATE flag and SetThreadToken will throw error if this flas is not used in the access token. Reason why it works for anonymous level is OpenThreadToken fails and sets hToken to NULL. And the resulting call is SetThreadToken(0,NULL) which will succeed. See SetThreadToken() in MSDN.
Tool used: WinDbg